April 11, 2012

Date-Plum

The date-plum is so called because it tastes like a cross between date and a plum. In fact it is not related to either, but is a very close relation to the persimmon. Date-plum is native from china. Spread to Japan and later introduced to California and southern Europe in the 1800S. Generally date-plum have colored light yellow–orange to dark orange-red with sizes varying between 1.5 cm -9 cm. The entire fruit is edible except for the seeds and petals.

Date-plum is fruit that are grouped in the genus Diospyros and date-plum has many names, among others, Japanese Persimmon or kaki (Japan), Date-plum (Southwest Asia and southeast Europe), the American Persimmon (USA), Mabolo or Velvet-apple (Philippines), or Black Persimmon Black Sapote (Mexico), and others.

Date-plum tree is multi-trunked or single-stemmed deciduous tree that grows to 25 feet tall. They grow best in areas that are winter and summers are relatively mild.

Date-plum in terms of taste is divided by a 2 types: astringent and non-astringent. The most common date-plum various substances is heart-shaped hachiya date-plum that contain very quality substance soluble tannins and good if eaten before softening. Non-substance date-plum is most often sold as Fuyu date-plums with type, round shape. date-plum non-substances are not truly free than tannins as the term suggests, but rather far less substance before cooking.

The fruit of Diospyros lotus begins green, then the unripe fruit turns yellow (and should not be eaten at this stage) and finally turns purple-black. It looks like a small black persimmon and has 5 or 6 large seeds inside it. The fruit is sometimes dried and is tasty like this too. The fruit is only 1 or 2 centimetres in diameter, but is highly valued for its sweetness.

The date-plum has potent antioxidant effects and results of modern medical trials suggest that it might be a good treatment for diabetes. It also exhibits potency in combating free radicals, so is thought to be an anti-cancer agent.

In traditional medicine in the Indian subcontinent, the fruit is used as a laxative and purgative while the watery extract from parts of the tree has wound healing properties. It is also used to combat fevers.

The wood from the tree is a poor quality ebony, (Diospyros ebenum) and because it polishes up well is used to make musical instruments- in particular the keys of pianos.

It is grown in southern Europe and could also be a native plant of Turkey where it grows in abundance. It was introduced into Britain in 1597 and was cultivated in the 17th century, although it never gained popularity with gardeners. In Britain it grows only to half its potential full size, as in its native habitat it grows to heights of 30 metres.

It is eaten raw and used in fruit salads, and once tasted you can’t resist it, whether it is fresh or dried. There aren’t any recipes from us, as we just eat the delicious fruit whenever we find it.

In date-plum contained many nutrients that are beneficial to the health of human body such as vitamins A, B complex, C, E, and K, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and dietary fiber is high enough where in 100 g date-plum contains 3.6 g dietary fiber (USDA Nutrient database source)

Health Benefits Date-plum
  • Date-plum rich in fiber, it implies two times more than apples, because it was suitable for the lead consumed a weight-loss program. And also can be used to prevent constipation
  • Vitamin C in date-plum as antioxidant could serve the body being able to counteract the free radicals so if regularly consume foods rich in vitamin C will helps the body become resistant against various infections and diseases.
  • According to Drs. Shela Gorinstein of The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, is well worth the date-plum recommended for consumption. “Eat a date-plum-sized, about 100 grams, a day, enough to prevent clogging of the arteries,”
  • Vitamins B complex in date-plum like folic acid, Pyridoxine, thiamin and so useful as a co-factor for various metabolic enzymes in the body functions.
  • Copper in date-plum serves to assist the production of red blood cells. Copper is also an important cofactor for many enzymes in the body.