October 27, 2010

Salak

salak
Salak Fruit (Salacca edulis) is one tropical fruit that is currently in great demand by the Japanese, America, and Europe, as well as Indonesia itself. Fruits have a relatively high nutrient content, can be consumed as fresh fruit can also be candied.

Salak plants prefer loose soil with sand content ranging from 45-85%, ie the soil with argillaceous to sandy clay texture. Salak Fruit grows well on neutral soil (pH 6-7), however the bark of plants can grow well in soil with medium acidity (pH 4.5 to 5.5) or slightly alkaline (pH 7.5 to 8.5 .)

Salak fruit mainly grown for its fruit is used, which is popular as a table fruit. Besides eaten fresh, also used to make candied salak, pickled, canned, or packaged as bark chips. Salak is a young used to rujak material. Umbut bark can be eaten. One of the benefits of fruits are as diarrhea medicine. The way is to consume 20 grams of fruit flesh are still young.

Strands of leather leaf and stalk child leaves can be used as a woven material, although of course after-prickly thorns removed first.

Because the thorn-thorn nearly impenetrable, often planted as a grove fence barking. Similarly, pieces of leaves which had dried stalk is often used to arm the fence, or to protect the middle of fruit trees from thieves.

Diverse types and deployment

Salak found growing wild in the wild in the southwestern part of Java and southern Sumatra. But the origins of bark that would not immediately known. Salak cultivated in Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, to the east up to the Moluccas. Salak also been introduced to the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Australia and Fiji.

Some experts consider bark that grows in northern Sumatra originated from a different species, namely S. sumatrana Beccari. S. zalacca itself divided again into two botanical varieties, namely var. zalacca of Java and var. amboinensis (Becc.) Mogea of Bali and the island of Ambon.

Based on the cultivar, the Indonesian people know between 20 to 30 species under the species. Some of the more famous of them are barking Padangsidempuan of North Sumatra, from Jakarta Condet salak, salak salak pondoh from Yogyakarta and Bali. Condet Salak is a floral province of DKI Jakarta.

Salak pondoh

Salak pondoh is phenomenal. Were developed at roughly the 1980s, the bark is sweet and crunchy fruit soon became an important prima donna in the Jogjakarta region. In 1999, these fruit production in Yogyakarta increased 100% in five years, reaching 28,666 tons. Popularity barking in tongues pondoh Indonesian consumers could not be separated from the aroma and taste, the sweet taste fresh without sepat, although the fruit is ripe enough yet though.

The picture clearly shows the jump in production was rapidly than in previous years. Estimated production barked throughout Java until the 1980s only ranged from 7000-50000 tons, with the West Java region contributed approximately half of that amount.

Salak pondoh itself there are a variety of more variants. Some famous of which is pondoh super, pondoh black, ivory pondoh, pondoh nglumut large, and others. In the region of DIY, barking pondoh production centers are the slopes of Mount Merapi area which includes areas of Sleman District Turi, Sleman regency.

Salak pondoh nglumut or often also called salak nglumut, named after the village was producing superior varieties of salak Nglumut Village, Srumbung, Magelang is also located on a bed of Mount Merapi and included into the territory Srumbung, Magelang, Magelang regency, Central Java.

Now pondoh salak plantation has expanded everywhere, like the region Wonosobo, Banjarnegara, Banyumas, Brass and others.