April 27, 2009

Durian Fruit

Durian is large spikey fruit with a sulfuric smell. Almost everyone finds this fruit either repulsive or addictive. Few fall in between. Durian is rare in that it is a significant source of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.

In Thailand, Durian is banned from many public areas because of the smell. Thailand's Ministry of Health warns against eating more than two sections of durian per day, as people have occasionally been known to die from excessive durian intake. People are killed every year by durians falling from trees.

You can find durian at your local Asian market. A typical durian has 5 sections of fruit. When it is ripe, a seam should be visible down the outside of each section of the shell. To eat, pull apart along the shell seams and remove the yellow pod of fruit inside.

Serving size: 1 cup
Region: Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam

Health Benefits

A strong blood cleanser.

Contains high levels of the amino acid tryptophan, known to alleviate anxiety, depression, and insomnia, and create feelings of euphoria, by raising levels of serotonin in the brain.

A good muscle builder. Contains high levels of soft proteins.

Sexual Function
Asian legends say that durian is a powerful aphrodisiac.


Carbohydrates 65.8 g 22%
Copper 0.5 mg 25%
Fats 13 g 20% A good source of monounsaturated fat
Fiber 9.2 g 37%
Iron 1 mg 7%
Magnesium 72.9 mg 18%
Manganese 0.8 mg 27%
Potassium 1060 mg 30%
Protein/Amino Acids 3.6 g 7% Contains higher levels of protein than most other fruits.
Sulfur N/A N/A Known for it's sulfuric odor.
Vitamin B6 0.8 mg 44%
Vitamin B9/Folate 87.5 mcg 44%
Vitamin C 47.9 mg 80%

Source: foodscout.org

April 20, 2009

Pitaya Fruits Health

Dragon Fruit Health Benefits

The health benefits of pitaya (dragonfruit) cactus fruit are many and varied. These nutritional benefits include dragonfruit health benefits which help to lower blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes. Dragon fruit health benefits and the great dragonfruit nutrition benefits make dragonfruit cactus fruit popular all over the world - dragon fruit is now being discovered in the US and that market is growing as people realize the special health benefits of dragon fruit and its great nutrional benefits like its high antioxidant amounts and vitamin C levels. Dragon fruit (most commonly as the dried dragonfruit cactus fruit) is a great fruit to incorporate into a diabetic diet plan and lots of diabetic recipes can include dragonfruit. While dragonfruit is not a type 2 diabetes cure, it may offer diabetics a substantial health benefit towards lower blood glucose levels. Dragon fruit vitamin C and dietary fiber are both positive nutritional benefits of dragon fruit among others. The amount of vitamin C in dragonfruit cactus fruit is substantial, and you can see up to 10 times the amount of vitamin C in dragon fruit which has been dried vs. the fresh dragonfruit cactus fruit. Of course the dried dragon fruit nutrients are much more dense than in the fresh fruit!

Dragon fruit is a great healthy fruit to eat, and dragon fruit nutritional benefits are numerous and they make eating dried dragonfruit cactus fruit and/or fresh dragonfruit cactus fruit one of the most wonderful ways to stay healthy. Dragon fruit health benefits and nutritional benefits range all the way from the amount of dragonfruit cactus fruit vitamin C in dragonfruit cactus fruit (lots of vitamin C is in dragonfruit cactus fruit) to the health benefits of dragonfruit cactus fruit from the antioxidants in dragonfruit cactus fruit. Dragon fruit nutritional health benefits of dragonfruit cactus fruit include the fact that fresh dragonfruit cactus fruit or the dried dragonfruit cactus fruit is rich in dietary fiber and has no dragonfruit cholesterol and very little cholesterol causing fats (fats are in the dragonfruit seeds). One of the great dragonfruit cactus fruit nutritional benefits to know which is one of the most important health benefits of dragonfruit cactus fruit is that diabetics can enjoy dried dragonfruit cactus fruit and/or fresh dragonfruit cactus fruit with meals to help with type 2 diabetes blood glucose control. Add dragon fruit to your diet to take advantage of the great amount of vitamin C in dragonfruit cactus fruit and start getting the health benefits of dragonfruit cactus fruit as part of your daily diet.

April 10, 2009

Dragon Fruit Nutrition

Dragon Fruit (Pitaya Fruit) is a Naturally Nutritious Fruit

Aside from the health benefits towards diabetes pitaya fruit is also a great fruit in terms of other nutrients pitaya carries. As with all dried fruits, you'll find a lot more nutrients in pitaya as the dried pitaya fruit than the fresh pitaya fruit. I always buy pitaya fruit dried for ease of storage and to get both more pitaya nutrients per weight unit, and to slow digestion of the fruit. If you buy dried dragon fruit (dried pitaya fruit, dried pitahaya fruit), you will find the dried fruit usually has about 10x the punch of the fresh fruit in vitamins like vitamin C, fiber and micro nutrients. If you eat 1.5 oz of the dried pitaya fruit, you'll be eating almost a full pound of the fresh fruit! All the beneficial dietary fiber, vitamin C and micro nutrients are still there in the dried pitahaya fruit. The fresh pitahaya fruit has lots of water, which gives it the soft creamy texture when eaten fresh. The dried dragon fruit will be chewy and much darker in color than the fresh fruit. The phrase 'color your diet' applies here for this fruit which is fiber, vitamin rich, easy and quick to eat.

Fiber: Like many healthy, nutrient rich fruits, dragon fruit has lots of dietary fiber with almost 1g of fiber per 100g of the fresh fruit. Depending upon the degree of moisture retention in the dried pitahaya fruit, you can expect to see 10g or more grams of dietary fiber per 100g of the dried pitahaya fruit.

Cholesterol: Keeping a heart healthy low cholesterol diet is an important part of type 2 diabetes diet management for long term health benefit. You do not need to worry about your cholesterol level as dragon fruit is both low in cholesterol and has little to no unhealthy cholesterol producing fats (certain fats which are metabolized to cholesterol contribute to increased cholesterol levels more than even cholesterol itself in food sources of cholesterol). You might wonder why even mention dragon fruit cholesterol levels, but because of the number of seeds in the pitahaya fruit flesh, you do see some nutrients regularly seen in nuts and seeds as well as nutrients more typical of seedless edible fruits.

Vitamin C: Along with large amounts of beneficial dietary fiber, pitahaya fruit is also a great source of Vitamin C giving you almost 50% of your recommended daily Vitamin C intake requirements in 100g of the dried pitahaya fruit.

Antioxidants: Eat dragon fruit as an excellent natural source of anti-oxidants which help to prevent the dangers of free radicals which can cause cancer and other undesirable health detriments.

Fats: Interestingly, pitahaya fruit does have a small amount of fats because there are so many seeds in the edible part of the pitahaya fruit. There can be literally thousands of the small black seeds in any given dragon fruit, and like most seeds and nuts they have both fats and protein in them even though the flesh of the fruit itself has virtually none. Many fruits we eat have the seeds removed. We may not even think of them as seeds for fruits like apricots, peaches, apples and the like, so we tend to think of fruits as being completely fat and protein free. You would never eat an avocado seed, but you do eat pitaya fruit seeds. It would be literally impossible to remove the seeds from dragon fruit unless you pressed it through a strainer, as the seeds are very small and mixed evenly in the flesh. Fortunately these are mostly the healthy mono-unsaturated fats as, of course, they are not processed in any way and therefore are none of the dangerously unhealthy trans-fats seen in most junk food and processed foods.

Type 1 Diabetes Dragon Fruit Diet - reduced insulin usage may be possible

I have read of dragon fruit diabetes control also helping with reducing the amount of insulin required to manage type 1 diabetes. If you are a type 1 diabetes sufferer using insulin, try incorporating dragon fruit with some of your meals and see what it does for you as an addition to your diabetic diet. Remember the dried pitaya fruit is about 10x a dense as the fresh pitaya fruit, so your 1.5 oz nibble of the dried pitaya fruit is almost equivalent to a full 1 lb of the fresh pitahaya fruit. (diabeticlifediet.com)

Date-Plum Fruits

The Date-plum (Diospyros lotus) is native to southwest Asia and southeast Europe. It was known to the ancient Greeks as "the fruit of the gods", i.e. Dios pyros (lit. "the wheat of Zeus"), hence the scientific name of the genus. Its English name probably derives from Persian Khormaloo literally "Date-Plum", referring to the taste of this fruit which is reminiscent of both plums and dates. This species is one candidate for the lotus mentioned in the Odyssey: it was so delicious that those who ate it forgot about returning home and wanted to stay and eat lotus with the lotus-eaters.


Commercially, there are generally two types of date-plum ( persimmon) fruit: astringent and non-astringent.

The heart-shaped Hachiya is the most common variety of astringent
date-plum. Astringent date-plums contain very high levels of soluble tannins and are unpalatable if eaten before softening. The astringency of tannins is removed through ripening by exposure to light over several days, or artificially with chemicals such as alcohol and carbon dioxide which change tannin into the insoluble form. This bletting process is sometimes jumpstarted by exposing the fruit to cold or frost which hastens cellular wall breakdown. These astringent date-plums can also be prepared for commercial purposes by drying.

The non-astringent
date-plum is squat like a tomato and is most commonly sold as fuyu. Non-astringent date-plums are not actually free of tannins as the term suggests, but rather are far less astringent before ripening, and lose more of their tannic quality sooner. Non-astringent date-plums may be consumed when still very firm to very very soft.

There is a third type, less commonly available, the pollination-variant non-astringent
date-plums. When fully pollinated, the flesh of these fruit is brown inside known as goma in Japan, and the fruit can be eaten firm. These varieties are highly sought after and can be found at specialty markets or farmers markets only. Tsurunoko, sold as "Chocolate persimmon" for its dark brown flesh, Maru, sold as "Cinnamon persimmon" for its spicy flavor, and Hyakume, sold as "Brown sugar" are the three best known.

Before ripening,
date-plums usually have a "chalky" taste. They should only be eaten when ripe and soft.

Culinary uses

Date-plum are eaten fresh or dried , raw or cooked. When eaten fresh the peel is usually cut/peeled off and the fruit is often cut into quarters or eaten whole like an apple. The flesh ranges from firm to mushy and the texture is unique. The flesh is very sweet and when firm possesses an apple-like crunch. In China, Korea, Japan, and Vietnam after harvesting, 'Hachiya' date-plum are prepared using traditional hand-drying techniques, outdoors for two to three weeks. The fruit is then further dried by exposure to heat over several days before being shipped to market. In Japan the dried fruit is called hoshigaki , in China it is known as "shi-bing", in Korea it is known as gotgam (hangul), and in Vietnam it is called hồng khô. It is eaten as a snack or dessert and used for other culinary purposes.

In Korea, dried date-plums fruits are used to make the traditional Korean spicy punch, sujeonggwa, while the matured, fermented fruit is used to make a
date-plum vinegar called gamsikcho, which is alleged to have a variety of health benefits. The hoshigaki tradition traveled to California with Japanese American immigrants. A few farms still practice the art, which is being revived in part through the efforts of Slow Food USA, which describes the technique on its site and provides links to producers.

In Taiwan, fruits of astringent varieties are sealed in jars filled with lime water to get rid of bitterness. Slightly hardened in the process, they are sold under the name "crisp persimmon" (cuishi) or "water persimmon" (shuishizi). Preparation time is dependent upon temperature (5 to 7 days at 25-28°C). In some areas of Manchuria and Korea, the dried leaves of the fruit are used for making tea. The Korean name for this tea is ghamnip cha.

The date-plum also figures prominently in American culinary tradition. It can be used in cookies, cakes, puddings, salads and as a topping for breakfast cereal. Date-plum pudding is a dessert using fresh date-plums. An annual date-plum festival, featuring a date-plum pudding contest, is held every September in Mitchell, Indiana. Date-plum pudding is a baked pudding that has the consistency of pumpkin pie but resembles a brownie and is almost always topped with whipped cream.
Date-plums may be stored at room temperature (20°C) where they will continue to ripen. It is also a native plant in Brazil, South America, where it is referred to as the Caqui. In northern China, unripe date-plums are frozen outside during winter to speed up the ripening process.

  • In traditional Chinese medicine the fruit regulates ch'i
  • The raw fruit is used to treat constipation and hemorrhoids, and to stop bleeding. As such, it is not a good idea to consume too many date-plums at once as they can induce diarrhea
  • The cooked fruit is used to treat diarrhea and dysentery
  • The apparent contradictory effect of the raw and cooked fruit is due to its osmotic effect in the raw fruit sugar (causing diarrhea), and the high tannin content of the cooked fruit helping with diarrhea.


The fruits of some
date-plum varieties contain the tannins catechin and gallocatechin,as well as the anti-tumor compounds betulinic acid and shibuol, although the latter may also cause gastrointestinal problems.

Medical precaution

date-plums contain the soluble tannin shibuol, which, upon contact with a weak acid, polymerizes in the stomach and forms a gluey coagulum that can affix with other stomach matter.[9] The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy notes that consumption of date-plums has been known to cause bezoars that require surgery in over 90% of cases. More than 85% phytobezoars are caused by ingestion of unripened date-plums. Date-plum bezoars often occur in epidemics in regions where the fruit is grown.

Horses may develop a taste for the fruit growing on a tree in their pasture and overindulge also, making them quite ill. It is often advised that
date-plums should not be eaten with crab meat, nor should they be eaten on an empty stomach.


date-plum trees belong to the same genus as ebony trees, date-plum tree wood has a limited use in the manufacture of objects requiring hard wood. Date-plum wood is used for paneling in traditional Korean and Japanese furniture.

In North America, the lightly colored, fine-grained wood of D. virginiana is used to manufacture billiard cues and shuttles (used in the textile industry). Date-plum wood was also heavily used in making the highest-quality heads of the golf clubs known as "woods" until the golf industry moved primarily to metal woods in the last years of the 20th century. In fact, the first metal woods made by TaylorMade, an early pioneer of that club type, were branded as "Pittsburgh Persimmons". Date-plum woods are still made, but in far lower numbers than in past decades. Over the last few decades date-plum wood has become popular among bow craftsmen, especially in the making of traditional longbows.

Like some other plants of the genus Diospyros, older date-plum heartwood is black or dark brown in color, in stark contrast to the sapwood and younger heartwood, which is pale in color. (en.wikipedia.org)

Date Palm Fruits

The date palm generally takes about 7 years to bear fruit for harvest and requires 10 years of preparation for commercial use. Adult date palms are capable of producing 80-120 kilograms of fruit for every harvest season, even though they will not all ripen at the same time.

In the Middle East, dates have played a major role for thousands of years as an abundant food source. They are thought to be from the Persian Gulf area and has been produced from areas such as Mesopotamia and during times as early as 6,000 BC. There have also been traces of evidence that show them being cultivated in Arabia around 4,000 BC.

Dates grow in four stages: sun-dried, ripe (tamr); soft, ripe (rutab); crunchy, full-size (khalal); and unripe (kimri). In North Africa, Arabia and Iraq, dates are considered an important and traditional crop. There significance is also mentioned in the Quran. Some dates, primarily Deglet Noor and Medjool, are cultivated in the United States (mostly southern California).

In 2005, the top ten dates producers (1000 tons) was Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran, the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Libya, China, and Tunisia. Because there are traces of dates from periods that go back to centuries BC, the specific origin of the date is not known. It is said, however, that they come from places around North Africa and Asia.

The date palm tree that produces dates is found usually with many trunks and only one single root system. They are a medium sized tree ranging from 15-25 meters tall. The leaves are 3-5 meters long and have spines. The total width can be anywhere from 6-10 meters in length.

History of Consumption

The date palm comes from the genus Phoenix, which is mostly produced to be eaten. Dates contain a great source of energy and Vitamin C. Dates become very concentrated upon drying because they contain almost no water, but Vitamin C is lost during this process.

Date clusters usually hang down from the crown of a tree and the fruit of this tree is a drupe that has been given the name date. They are oval-cylindrical, 3-7 cm long, 2-3 cm diameter, and before ripening, range from bright red to bright yellow in color. The color of the date depends on the variety that is being grown. Dates contain a single seed that is about 2-2.5 cm long and 6-8 mm thick.

Dates can be seeded and then stuffed with fillings like marzipan, lemon peel, candied oranges, and almonds or eaten right out of the hand. They also can be used in many different dishes such as cakes, bread, pudding, and many more dessert trays. They can be processed into many forms such as, alcohol, vinegar, powder, syrup, spread, paste and cubes. During Ramadan, when the sun sets, yogurt and dates are part of the traditional first-meal in Islamic countries. In some Islamic nations, dates are even used as non alcoholic champagne to celebrate religious and special occasions.

In addition, dates can be cut into smaller portions and then combined in recipes to make a variety of dishes, such as pies, puddings, cakes, bread and other delicacies. Dates can also be found individually packed or in preserved dried forms in supermarkets around the country. They also can be dehydrated, ground into a powder, and then mixed with grains to create feed for the livestock.

Dates that are dried are commonly used to feed dogs, horses, and camels in the Sahara region. Peppers and dates are added to certain beers in Nigeria to make the beer less intoxicating. The leaves from dates are considered to be vegetables and are cooked in many countries.

Seeds that are finely grounded can be combined with flour to produce bread when there is a scarcity of wheat or flour. Also, the date palm has flowers that are edible and can be used when cooking fish or in salad preparations. In Ghana, North Africa, and India people use the sap from the date palm during the conversion of sugar, alcoholic drinks, and molasses.

In North Africa the sap obtained from tapping the date palm trees is known as lagbi. If left to cure for a sufficient period of time (typically hours-depending on the temperature) lagbi easily becomes an alcoholic drink. Special skill is required when tapping the palm tree so that it does not die. It is also used to make Jallab, which is a syrup produced in the Middle East from dates, raisins, grape molasses, rose water, caramel, and citric acid.

Other uses for date palm trees that produce dates include the use of its trunk for wood. The seeds from dates can be chemically processed to create oxalic acid. Also, silversmiths use the seeds from dates to create charcoal and necklaces. In some areas the seeds are grounded to be a replacement for coffee or added to coffee8. The palm leaves are commonly used as a religious symbol in Christianity. The full-grown leaves are made into fans, baskets, screens, and mats. When the leaf is dried it can be used in the production of walking sticks, fuel, fishing floats, and brooms.

The leaves of the date palm are also used as a lulav in the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. Stripped fruit clusters are used as brooms. In Pakistan, thick syrup made from the ripe fruits is used as a coating for leather bags and pipes to prevent leaking. Date palm wood is used for posts and rafters for huts because it is lighter than coconut tree wood and more durable. It is also used for construction of bridges, aqueducts, and parts of dhows (Arab selling vessels). Leftover wood is burnt for fuel.

Where craft traditions still thrive, such as in Oman, the palm tree is the most versatile of all indigenous plants and virtually every part of the tree is utilized. The palm tree is used to make functional items that range from rope and baskets to beehives, fishing boats, and traditional dwellings.

Common Consumption Today

Dates are consumed today in many ways that are similar to the way people used and consumed them years ago. In supermarkets, dates are most commonly found in dried forms and are combined with cereals and breads. Dates are also eaten out of the hand when they are dried or fresh. They are also prepared with salads, made into syrups, baked in cakes, and used to produce alcoholic drinks.

Vitamins, Minerals and Phytochemical Components

Dates contain calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, vitamins A, A1, B, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and C as well as a variety of amino acids. Dates also contain thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and pantothenic acid. These vitamins and minerals help the body produce hemoglobin, which is a protein in red blood cells that binds to oxygen and carries oxygen from the lungs to tissues.

Potassium is an essential mineral that the body needs to maintain proper muscle contractions including contractions of the heart muscle. Potassium also promotes a healthy nervous system and efficient metabolism in the body. One serving of dates contains 240 milligrams of potassium, which is more than the amount of potassium found in bananas.

Dates also contain carbohydrates that include 3 grams of dietary fiber and 29 grams of naturally occurring sugars such as fructose, glucose, and sucrose. In other words, one serving of date contains 31 grams of carbohydrates that supplies the body with large amounts of energy.

Dates in addition to being a good source of dietary fiber are sodium free, fat free, and cholesterol free. Each of these factors are important for reducing the risk of developing heart disease and cancer. The fiber found in dates comes in two forms, soluble and insoluble.

Soluble fiber has been shown to help control diabetes by decreasing high blood sugar as well as lowering high cholesterol, specifically low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Insoluble fiber increases the body’s ability and rate at which food is processed through the digestive system.

Finally, dates have phenolic acids like gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, o-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, and ferulic acid. However, a sufficient amount of carotenoids and antioxidants is lost when dates are sun-dried. (nutritiousfruit.com)

Chrysophyllum Cainito - Exotic Fruit With Grape Flavor

Scientific name: Chrysophyllum cainito, Achras caimito
Family: Sapotaceae
Common names: Caimito, Star Apple, Satin Leaf, Golden leaf tree, Abiaba, Pomme du lait, Eestrella, Aguay
Origin: Central America and the West Indies
Varieties: Purple, Green
Season: February-May

This beautiful shade tree has glossy dark green leaves with a silky bronze color underneath. It is one of the most attractive tropical fruit trees for its foliage. The common name of this fruit is derived from the star-like appearance of the core when the fruit is cut in cross section. Caimito is a favorite in the Caribbean and Central America as well as Southeast Asia. The fruit has a mild grape-like flavor, and is best eaten fresh. It is one of the few trees that grows well in highly alkaline soils. it has very few problems and produces quantities of delicious fruit each year for one to enjoy.

Native to tropical America, this fruit tree is now grown commercially in Central and South America as well as tropical Asia and Africa. Occasionally grown commercially in parts of south Florida.

The tree can reach a height of 40 feet in its native areas. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple oval, entire, 3-6" long; the underside shines with a golden color when seen from a distance. Leaves are alternate, arranged regularly along branches, in a flat plane. The underside of the leaves is a striking, velvety, somewhat iridescent red, created by dense, soft hair. The twig zig-zags between leaves (like the Annonaceae), and also has soft, red pubescence. Like all Sapotaceae, broken leaves, or cut bark, produces dripping, white latex.

These attractive leaves are deep green above and a silky golden brown beneath and as the wind rustles the foliage this gives a strikingly beautiful effect. The tiny flowers are purplish white and have a sweet fragrant smell. Flowers are produced during the summer through early fall. The tree is hermaphroditic (self-fertile).

The fruit

Trees produce a delicious fruit, and the fruits are born during the early to late spring. The fruit size can be from 2-1/2 to 3 inches in diameter and there are two varieties, one with purple skin and one with green skin. Both have very sweet whitish flesh which is very good and is usually eaten as a fresh fruit. The purple fruit has a denser skin and texture while the greenish brown fruit has a thin skin and a more liquid pulp. The purple-skinned fruit is often green around the calyx, with a star pattern in the pulp. The skin is rich in latex, and both it and the rind are not edible. The flattened seeds are light brown and hard. It bears fruit year around after it reaches about seven years of age. The fruits do not normally drop and, therefore, must be picked and allowed to ripen off the tree.


Trees grow rapidly, often three to four feet or more in a single growing season.

Caimito can grow over a wide range of soils and are one of the few trees that actually grows well in highly alkaline soils, even at pH's up to 7.5.

It is not tolerant of waterlogged conditions and should be grown on well-drained soils. Plant trees in a rich, well-drained soil; once well established, they are quite resistant to most conditions including high winds.

The plant has poor salt tolerance and should be protected by buildings or other more salt tolerant plantings if used close to the ocean or Intracoastal areas.

There are no serious pest problems of trees except birds and other animals that attack maturing fruit.
Sensitivity to cold: the tree may get badly damaged at upper 20's, even mature trees can be frozen to the ground by hard freezes. Temperatures below 28 degrees F will serious injure the mature plant, while young trees exposed to 31 degrees will be killed.

Propagation can be by seed, air layering, or grafting. Seedlings take about six years. Trees can also be air layered but air layering usually takes four to six months to be successful. The 'Haitian' variety, introduced by Bill Whitman, is dark purple, is one of the more common ones seen as grafted or air-layered plants.

Due to recalcitrant nature of the seeds, they have a short viable life, can not be dried well and can not withstand low temperatures.

As long as Caimito is protected from cold winds or freezing temperatures, it has very few problems and produces quantities of delicious fruit each year for one to enjoy.


The fruits are delicious as a fresh dessert fruit; it is sweet and best served chilled. The pulp is usually spooned out as to avoid the bitter tasting rind. The fresh fruit is also often added to salads, drinks, and other dishes.

A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known fruit has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare. Infusions of the leaves have been used against diabetes and articular rheumatism. The bark is considered a tonic and stimulant, and a bark decoction is used as an antitussive.

Star apple seeds are used in Venezuela as a diuretic and febrifuge. In Cuba, a decoction of the leaves is used as a cancer remedy, while a decoction of the bark is used as an antitussive (cough suppressant).

Other uses of the fruit: as a treatment for diabetes.(toptropicals.com)