December 23, 2007

Bearberry

Generic Name: Bearberry (Uva-Ursi) (Not applicable.)
Brand Name: Generics only. No brands available.
Bearberry is used for:
Aiding in urination and preventing the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract.It has also been used in women as a menstrual remedy. It may also be used as an astringent and may have other uses. Check with your pharmacist for more details regarding the particular brand you use.
Bearberry is an herbal product. It works by killing bacteria in the urinary tract.
Do NOT use Bearberry if:
* you are allergic to any ingredient in Bearberry
* you have stomach irritation or kidney disease
* you are pregnant or breast-feeding

Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Bearberry :
Some medical conditions may interact with Bearberry . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
* if you are planning to become pregnant
* if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
* if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Bearberry . However, no specific interactions are known at this time.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Bearberry may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Bearberry :
Use Bearberry as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
* Dosing depends on the use and the source of the product.
* Use as directed on the package, unless instructed otherwise by your doctor.
* If you miss taking a dose of Bearberry for 1 or more days, there is no cause for concern. If your doctor recommended that you take it, try to remember your dose every day.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Bearberry .
Important safety information:
* Your urine may turn a greenish color while you are taking bearberry. This is normal and should not be cause for alarm. If your doctor orders a urine sample while you are taking bearberry, be sure to tell your doctor and the lab technicians why your urine may be green.
* Check with your doctor before you begin taking any new medicine, either prescription or over-the-counter, including vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
* This product has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as safe and effective for any medical condition. The long-term safety of herbal products is not known. Before using any alternative medicine, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.
* Use Bearberry with caution in CHILDREN.
* PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: Do not use this product if you are pregnant. Do not breast-feed while you are taking this product.
Possible side effects of Bearberry :
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Green urine; nausea; stomach discomfort.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); dizziness; irregular heartbeat; muscle cramps; ringing in the ears; seizures; slightly bluish, grayish, slate-like, or dark purple discoloration of the skin; vomiting.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions or need medical advice about side effects, contact your doctor or health care provider. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 (1-800-332-1088) or at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected: Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org/findyour.htm), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness; ringing in the ears; seizures; vomiting.
Proper storage of Bearberry :
Store at room temperature away from heat, moisture, and light unless otherwise directed on the package label. Do not store in the bathroom. Most herbal products are not in childproof containers. Keep Bearberry out of the reach of children and away from pets.
General information:
* If you have any questions about Bearberry , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
* Bearberry is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
* If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Bearberry . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider. (drugs.com)

December 12, 2007

Barbados Cherry Food Uses

Barbados cherries are eaten out-of-hand, mainly by children. For dessert use, they are delicious merely stewed with whatever amount of sugar is desired to modify the acidity of the particular type available. The seeds must be separated from the pulp in the mouth and returned by spoon to the dish. Many may feel that the nuisance is compensated for by the pleasure of enjoying the flavorful pulp and juice. Other-wise, the cooked fruits must be strained to remove the seeds and the resulting sauce or puree can be utilized as a topping on cake, pudding, ice cream or sliced bananas, or used in other culinary products. Commercially prepared puree may be dried or frozen for future use. The fresh juice will prevent darkening of bananas sliced for fruit cups or salads. It can be used for gelatin desserts, punch or sherbet, and has been added as an ascorbic acid supplement to other fruit juices. The juice was dried and powdered commercially in Puerto Rico for a decade until the cost of production caused the factory to be closed down.
The fruits may be made into sirup or, with added pectin, excellent jelly, jam, and other preserves. Cooking causes the bright-red color to change to brownish-red. The pasteurization process in the canning of the juice changes the color to orange-red or yellow, and packing in tin cans brings on further color deterioration. Enamel-lined cans preserve the color better.

Wine made from Barbados cherries in Hawaii was found to retain 60% of the ascorbic acid.
Food Value Per 100 g of Edible Portion*

Calories
59
Moisture
81.9-91.10 g
Protein
0.68-1.8 g
Ether Extract
0.19-0.09 g
Fiber
0.60-1.2 g
Fat
0.18-0.1 g
Carbohydrates
6.98-14.0 g
Ash
0.77-0.82 g
Calcium
8.2-34.6 mg
Phosphorus
16.2-37.5 mg
Iron
0.17-1.11 mg
Carotene
0.003-0.408 mg
(Vitamin A)
408-1000 I.U.
Thiamine
0.024-0.040 mg
Riboflavin
0.038-0.079 mg
Niacin
0.34-0.526 mg
Ascorbic Acid**

*According to analyses made in Hawaii, Guatemala, and elsewhere.
**According to analyses at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology of fruits grown in Barbados: 4,500 mg (green), 3,300 mg (medium-ripe), 2,000 mg (very ripe). The ascorbic acid level of unripe fruits can range up to 4,676 mg and such ratings are exceeded only by the fruits (rose hips) of Rosa rugosa Thunb., which may have as much as 6,977 mg/100 g. This constituent varies as much as 25% with the clone, the locale, cultural methods and degree of exposure to sunlight during developmental stages and after harvesting. At INCAP (Instituto de Nutricion de Central America and Panama), in Guatemala assays in 1950-1955 showed distressingly low levels–an average of 17 mg/100 g, whereas fruits sent to INCAP by air and in dry ice from Florida were analyzed and contained 1,420 mg/100 g. In field experiments, treatment of young fruits on the tree with 200 ppm gibberellic acid has brought about a marked increase in the ascorbic acid content of the mature fruits.
The ascorbic acid is not totally destroyed by heat, for the jelly may contain 499-1,900 mg/100 g. Of the total ascorbic acid in Barbados cherry juice, 0.18% is in the bound form. Other constituents include dextrose, levulose, and a little sucrose.
Harmful Effects
Physicians in Curacao report that children often require treatment for intestinal inflammation and obstruction caused by eating quantities of the entire fruits, including seeds, from the wild Barbados cherries which abound on the island.
People who pick Barbados cherries without gloves and long sleeves may suffer skin irritation from contact with the minute stinging hairs on the leaves and petioles.
Other Uses
Bark: The bark of the tree contains 20-25% tannin and has been utilized in the leather industry.
Wood: The wood is surprisingly hard and heavy. Trials have demonstrated that it refuses to ignite even when treated with flammable fluid unless perfectly dry.
Medicinal Uses: The fruits are considered beneficial to patients with liver ailments, diarrhea and dysentery, as well as those with coughs or colds. The juice may be gargled to relieve sore throat. (hort.purdue.edu)

Nutritional Benefits of Bananas

Because of their impressive potassium content, bananas are highly recommended by doctors for patients whose potassium is low. One large banana, about 9 inches in length, packs 602 mg of potassium and only carries 140 calories. That same large banana even has 2 grams of protein and 4 grams of fiber. No wonder the banana was considered an important food to boost the health of malnourished children! Those reducing sodium in their diets can't go wrong with a banana with its mere 2 mgs of sodium. For the carbohydrate counters there are 36 grams of carbs in a large banana.
Vitamins and minerals are abundant in the banana, offering 123 I.U. of vitamin A for the large size. A full range of B vitamins are present with .07 mg of Thiamine, .15 mg of Riboflavin, .82 mg Niacin, .88 mg vitamin B6, and 29 mcg of Folic Acid. There are even 13.8 mg of vitamin C. On the mineral scale Calcium counts in at 9.2 mg, Magnesium 44.1 mg, with trace amounts of iron and zinc.

Putting all of the nutritional figures together clearly shows the banana is among the healthiest of fruits. The plantain, when cooked, rates slightly higher on the nutritional scale in vitamins and minerals but similar to the banana in protein and fiber content.
MEDICINAL USES OF BANANAS
Anaemia: High in iron, bananas can stimulate the production of haemoglobin in the blood and so helps in cases of anaemia.
Blood Pressure: This unique tropical fruit is extremely high in potassium yet low in salt, making it the perfect food for helping to beat blood pressure. So much so, the US Food and Drug Administration has just allowed the banana industry to make official claims for the fruits ability to reduce the risk of blood pressure and stroke.
Brain Power: 200 students at an English school were helped through their exams this year by eating bananas at breakfast, break and lunch in a bid to boost their brain power. Research has shown that the potassium-packed fruit can assist learning by making pupils more alert.
Constipation: High in fibre, including bananas in the diet can help restore normal bowel action, helping to overcome the problem without resorting to laxatives.
Depression: According to a recent survey undertaken by MIND amongst people suffering from depression, many felt much better after eating a banana. This is because bananas contain tryptophan, a type of protein that the body converts into serotonin known to make you relax, improve your mood and generally make you feel happier.
Hangovers: One of the quickest ways of curing a hangover is to make a banana milkshake, sweetened with honey. The banana calms the stomach and, with the help of the honey, builds up depleted blood sugar levels, while the milk soothes and re-hydrates your system.
Heartburn: Bananas have a natural antacid effect in the body so if you suffer from heart-burn, try eating a banana for soothing relief.
Morning Sickness: Snacking on bananas between meals helps to keep blood sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness.
Mosquito bites: Before reaching for the insect bite cream, try rubbing the affected area with the inside of a banana skin. Many people find it amazingly successful at reducing swelling and irritation.
Nerves: Bananas are high in B vitamins that help calm the nervous system.
Overweight and at work? Studies at the Institute of Psychology in Austria found pressure at work leads to gorging on comfort food like chocolate and crisps. Looking at 5,000 hospital patients, researchers found the most obese were more likely to be in high-pressure jobs. The report concluded that, to avoid panic-induced food cravings, we need to control our blood sugar levels by snacking on high carbohydrate foods such as bananas every two hours to keep levels steady.
PMS: Forget the pills eat a banana. The vitamin B6 it contains regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): Bananas can help SAD sufferers because they contain the natural mood enhancer, trypotophan.
Smoking: Bananas can also help people trying to give up smoking, as the high levels of Vitamin C, A1, B6, B12 they contain, as well as the potassium and magnesium found in them, help the body recover from the effects of nicotine withdrawal.
Stress: Potassium is a vital mineral, which helps normalise the heartbeat, sends oxygen to the brain and regulates your bodies water-balance. When we are stressed, our metabolic rate rises, thereby reducing our potassium levels. These can be re-balanced with the help of a high-potassium banana snack.
Strokes: According to research in The New England Journal of Medicine eating bananas as part of a regular diet can cut the risk of death by strokes by as much as 40%!
Temperature control: Many other cultures see bananas as a cooling fruit that can lower both the physical and emotional temperature of expectant mothers. In Thailand, for example, pregnant women eat bananas to ensure their baby is born with a cool temperature.
Ulcers: The banana is used as the dietary food against intestinal disorders because of its soft texture and smoothness. It is the only raw fruit that can be eaten without distress in over-chronic ulcer cases. It also neutralises over-acidity and reduces irritation by coating the lining of the stomach.
Warts: Those keen on natural alternatives swear that, if you want to kill off a wart, take a piece of banana skin and place it on the wart, with the yellow side out. Carefully hold the skin in place with a plaster or surgical tape! (banana.com)

December 10, 2007

The Natural Benefits And Curative Properties Of Bael Fruit

The bael tree is one of the most useful medicinal plants of India. Its medicinal properties have been described in the ancient medical treatise in Sanskrit, Charaka Samhita. All the parts of this tree including stem, bark, root, leaves and fruit at all stages of maturity has medicinal virtues and has been used as traditional medicine for a long time.
The fruit is of considerably medicinal value when it just begins to ripen. The ripe fruit is aromatic, astringent which helps construction of skin, coolant and laxative. The unripe or half-ripe fruit is astringent, digestive stomachic which improves appetite and antiscorbutic, i.e. which helps to fight scurvy caused due to vitamin C deficiency.

Constipation
Ripe bael fruit is regarded as best of all laxatives. It cleans and tones up the intestines. Its regular use for two or three months helps evacuate even the old accumulated faecal matter from the bowels. For best results, it should be taken in the form of sherbat, which is prepared from the pulp of the ripe fruit. After breaking the shell, the seeds are first removed, and contents are then taken out with a spoon and passed through a sieve. Milk and little sugar may be added to make it more palatable. The pulp of the ripe fruit can also be taken from the spoon without the addition of milk or sugar. About 60 grams of the fruit will suffice for an adult.
Diarrhea and Dysentery
The unripe or half ripe fruit is perhaps, the most effective food remedy for chronic diarrhea and dysentery where there is no fever. Best results are obtained by the use of dried bael or its powder. The bael fruit, when it is still green, is sliced and dried in the sun. The dried bael slices are reduced into powder and preserved in air-tight bottles. The unripe bael can also be baked and taken with jaggery or brown sugar.
The fruit appears to have little effect in acute dysentery when there is definite sensation to defecate but instead of significant amount of faeces, blood and mucus alone are passed. The powdered drug is specially recommended in this condition. Its beneficial effect its, however, most evident when the condition has become sub-acute or chronic. After the use of the fruit in these conditions, the blood gradually disappears and the stool assume a more feculent and solid form. The mucus also disappears after continued use for some time. It is also a valuable remedy for chronic dysenteric conditions characterized by alternate diarrhea and constipation.
Peptic Ulcer
An infusion of bael leaves is regarded as an effective food remedy for peptic ulcer. The leaves are soaked overnight in water. This water is strained and taken as a drink in the morning. The pain and discomfort are relieved when this treatment is continued for a few weeks. Bael leaves are rich in tannins which reduce inflammation and help healing of ulcers. The bael fruit taken in the form of beverage has also great viscous content. This substance forms a coating on the stomach mucosa and thus helps in the healing of ulcers.
Respiratory Affections
A medicated oil prepared from bael leaves gives relief from recurrent colds and respiratory affections. The juice extracted from bael leaves is mixed with equal quantity of sesame oil and heated thoroughly. A few seeds of black pepper and half a teaspoonful of black cumin are added to the hot oil. It is then removed from the fire and stored for use when necessary. A teaspoonful of this oil should be massaged into the scalp before a head bath. Its regular use builds up resistance against colds and coughs.
A common practice in south India is to give the juice of bael leaves to bring relief from wheezing and respiratory spasm. The leaf juice, mixed in warm water with a little pepper, is give as a drink.

November 14, 2007

Herb & Supplement Guide: Barberry

From Cathy Wong
WHAT IS BARBERRY?
Also known as: Berberis vulgaris, mountain grape, pepperidge, berberry, common grape
Barberry has been used in traditional folk medicine since ancient times for digestive disorders, infection, indigestion, gallbladder disease, and heartburn.
The active ingredients in barberry are isoquinolone alkaloids, such as berberine. These alkaloids are found in the root, rhizome, and stem bark of the barberry plant. Other herbs that contain berberine are goldenseal (which has a higher concentration of berberine than barberry), the Chinese herb coptis, and oregon grape.

WHY PEOPLE USE BARBERRY
Diarrhea
The alkaloid berberine has been found to fight bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections in studies. Another alkaloid in barberry known as berberamine, is believed to help fight infection by stimulating white blood cells called macrophages.
When it comes to fighting infection, barberry is mainly used for bacterial diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea, intestinal parasite infections, and chronic candidiasis. Barberry capsules are usually recommended for infection, especially those standardized to contain 5 to 12% isoquinolone alkaloids.
Indigestion
The bitter taste of barberry stimulates digestive function, which is why barberry is sometimes recommended for indigestion. When using it for indigestion, it is important to taste the bitterness of the herb, which is why it is usually taken as a liquid tincture or tea 15 to 20 minutes before a meal.
Liver and Gallbladder Problems
Barberry is a cholegogue, which means it promotes the secretion and flow of bile. This property also makes barberry a mild laxative. Barberry should be used by people with gallstones only under supervision.
Urinary Tract Infections
A study found that berberine can active against bacteria Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Some sources say that the berry is more effective at combatting urinary tract infections than the root. It is really important to see a qualified health practitioner and not self-treat, because if the bacteria aren't fully killed, the infection can spread to the kidneys, even though symptoms such as difficult or painful urination may disappear.
HOW IS BARBERRY USUALLY TAKEN?
Barberry is available in teas, as tinctures, capsules, dried herbs, and tablets.
The dosage of barberry varies depending on the condition being treated. A qualified health practitioner, such as a naturopathic doctor, can help you with this.
* Liquid tincture - 30 to 60 drops, which is equivalent to 1.5 to 5 mL, three times a day
* Tea - 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of barberry root or berry steeped in 1 cup of hot water for 10 minutes, covered. Strain. One cup a day. Sip it slowly.
* Capsules - look for capsules standardized to contain 8 to 12 % isoquinolone alkaloids. 150 to 500 mg one to three times a day.
PRECAUTIONS
* Pregnant women should not use barberry, because it may stimulate uterine contractions and cause miscarriage.
* Although barberry is sometimes used for diarrhea in children, it should only be used under the supervision of a qualified health practitioner.
SIDE EFFECTS
* Large doses of barberry have a powerful laxative effect.
* Barberry dilates blood vessels, so it can lower blood pressure.
* Overdose of barberry can cause nosebleeds, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, kidney irritation. Symptoms of kidney problems are bloody urine, pain when urinating, low back or stomach pain, and fever. Seek medical attention immediately.
INTERACTIONS
Berberine may alter the way prescription drugs are metabolised in the body. For example, one study published in the European Journal of Pharmacology found that berberine elevated the amount of the drug cyclosporin A in kidney transplant patients.
REFERENCES
1. Cernakova M, Kostalova D. Antimicrobial activity of berberine--a constituent of Mahonia aquifolium. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2002;47(4):375-8.
2. Duke, James A. The Green Pharmacy. Emmaus: Rodale, 1997.
3. Feltrow, C.W. and J.R. Avila. The Complete Guide to Herbal Medicines. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000.
4. Lust, John. The Herb Book: The Complete and Authoritative Guide to More Than 500 Herbs. New York: Benedict Lust Publications, 2005.
5. Peirce, Andrea. The American Pharmaceutical Association Practical Guide to Natural Medicines. New York: William Morrow, 1999.
6. Wu X, Li Q, Xin H, Yu A, Zhong M. Effects of berberine on the blood concentration of cyclosporin A in renal transplanted recipients: clinical and pharmacokinetic study. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Sep;61(8):567-72.
This information is for educational purposes only and is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified medical provider for all medical problems prior to starting any new treatment. Always check product information and consult your doctor regarding dosage, precautions, warnings, interactions or contraindications before taking any drug, herb, or supplement. (altmedicine.about.com)

October 23, 2007

Babaco Fruits Facts

Carica pentagona Heilborn
Caricaceae
Common Names:Babaco, Mountain Papaya.
Related Species:
Papayuelo (Carica goudotiana) Orange Papaya (C. monoica), Papaya (C. papaya), Toronchi (C. pubescens), Chamburro (C. stipulata). Hybrids of Babaco and other Carica spp. also exist.
Distant Affinity
: Papaya Orejona (Jacartia mexicana), Mamao (J. spinosa).
Origin: The babaco is presumed to have originated in the central south highlands of Ecuador and is believed to be a naturally occurring hybrid of Carica stipulata and C. pubescens. It has been cultivated in Ecuador since before the arrival of Europeans. In more recent times the babaco was introduced into New Zealand where it is grown commercially. In Israel and other parts of the Middle Eastern the plant is also being grown commercially in greenhouses. Steve Spangler is credited with introducing the babaco to southern California in the 1970's.

Adaptation: The babaco thrives in a cool subtropical climate, free of frost. In California it grows in coastal areas of the southern part of the state and with some protection as far north as the San Francisco Bay area. With some shade it will grow in the warmer interior regions, but high temperatues and low humidity may result in sunburned fruit and immature fruit drop. The babaco is much more tolerant of cool, damp winters than the papaya. It will withstand temperatures to about 28° F, although it may lose most of its leaves. The babaco is ideally suited to container culture and also excellent for greenhouses.
DESCRIPTION
Growth Habits: The babaco is a small, herbaceous shrub, that grows to about 6 feet in height, with an erect softwood trunk lined with leaf scars typical of other caricas. The plant rarely branches but shoots often appear around the base. The thickness of the trunk is associated with the vigor of the plant.
Foliage: The moderately large, palmate leaves have prominent ribs and veins and are on long hollow petioles that radiate from the trunk. The average life of a leaf is 4 to 6 months. During the cold winter months the leaves degenerate and are gradually shed.
Flowers: Flowers form on the newly developing trunk during the growth phase of the tree. Usually the thicker the trunk, the more prolific the flowering will be. The flowers, usually solitary on the end of a long pendulous stalk, arise from every leaf axil. The flowers are all female.
Fruit: Babaco fruits set parthenocarpically, as there are no seeds present in the fruit. The young fruits set and grow immediately after flowering, reaching a maximum expansion phase during October-November. At this point the fruits reach a length of about 12 inches long and 8 inches wide. They are distinctly five-sided, rounded at the stem end and pointed at the apex. The onset of maturity is recognized by the yellowing of the fruit, first in patches on the sides of the fruit and gradually extending over the total area of the fruit during the following weeks. Fruits ripen in progression from the lower fruits, usually the heaviest, to those higher up the trunk. The flesh of the babaco is very juicy, slightly acidic and low in sugar. The unique flavor has been described as having overtones of strawberry, pineapple and papaya. The smooth, thin skin is also edible.
CULTURE
Location: Babacos like a warm location protected from winds. They will grow and fruit in shady locations but prefer a sunny spot. The smallish plants fit nicely in many parts of the yard, and with their broad green leaves and vertically held fruit add an exotic touch to the landscape.
Soils: Babacos prefer a light, fertile, well-drained soil. Although not as fussy about cold, wet soils as the papaya, the plants perform best in moderately dry winter conditions. Like papayas, the babaco does not tolerate salty water or soil.
Irrigation: Adequate rainfall or irrigation is essential during the growing phase of the babaco. A plant that has been injured by frost is susceptible to root rot.
Fertilization: During the growing season the babaco needs regular applications of nitrogen fertilizers. Feed monthly and adjust to the plant's response. Composted chicken manure makes a good mulch.
Pruning: To obtain maximum quality and size of fruit only one trunk should be allowed to grow. Shoots that form around the base of the plant should be removed, although a second shoot is allowed to develop from about September. At this time of the year the shoot will grow rapidly, but will not initiate flower buds. To control the height of the tree it is not recommended to crop one trunk for more than one or two years. The trunk that bore the current season fruits is cut back to the stump, to the point where the second shoot was left the year before. This second shoot will now become the new plant.
Frost Protection: Babacos prefer frost-free conditions, but the smallish plants can easily be tucked into protected areas such as next to a building under the eaves or a favorable spot in the patio. Otherwise they can be protected by plastic sheeting, etc. draped over a frame around the plants. Potted specimens can be moved to a frost-secure area.
Propagation: Since babacos are seedless, they must be propagated asexually. Wood for propagation is taken from the parent plant by cutting the entire trunk diagonally about 1 foot from the ground (or back to the second shoot), and making 1 foot cutting lengths from it. This should be done after fruiting but before the next flush of growth. The cuttings are then dipped in a fungicide bath and the rooting end dipped in a rooting hormone. The cuttings are then set vertically in a low-moisture medium such as sand or sandy loam to form callouses. With the first sign of roots and the beginnings of new leaves, they can be planted out, about 8 inches below ground level. Within 15 months these new plants are producing fruit.
Pests and diseases: It is important to start with virus-free material. During moist spells fungal diseases can affect the leaves, but this is seldom a problem in California. Other diseases include powdery mildew and Phytophthora root rot. The major pests affecting the babaco are the two spotted mite, Tetranychus uraticae and the strawberry mite, Tetranychus atlanticus. Control can be difficult since most miticides are phytotoxic to babaco leaves. Predatory mites do give reasonable control. Slugs and the California brown snail can damage the fruit and must be controlled. The plants are attractive to deer who will consume most of the foliage and young fruits.
Harvest: Commercially grown babaco fruit is picked at the first sign of yellow coloration. Fruit picked at this stage will ripen fully off the plant. In home plantings the fruit can be left on until almost fully yellow but may sometimes fall and bruise. To harvest, the fruit stalk can be snipped off with a clipper, or the fruit can be removed by lifting the fruit and then pulling away it from the stalk. Ripe fruit takes careful handling.
The fruit is best eaten fresh when fully ripe. Being seedless the whole fruit can be eaten, including the skin. A little sugar enhances its flavor. Pieces of the fruit can also be added to fruit salads. Babaco fruits make a quick and interesting drink when processed in a blender with a little honey or added sugar. With the addition of ice cream or frozen yogurt it becomes a tasty milkshake. The fruit also makes an excellent preserve, and can be made into a pie when mixed with other fruits.
One of the most attractive features of the babaco is its excellent keeping quality. Even without cool storage the fruit has a shelf-life of four weeks. Fruit that has been damaged will still keep a long time, since the damaged part will not spread to healthy tissue. Cool storage extends the life of the fruit. Optimum storage temperature is 40° F.
Commercial Potential: The babaco is grown commercially in Ecuador and as an export fruit in New Zealand. There is limited production in southern California where is is sometimes found in Farmers's Markets and specialty markets. The fruit has several factors in its favor and with adequate promotion could find a wider marketing niche. The fruit is attractive when sold in a yellow ripe stage, and stores well even after it has been cut. In addition the plants are highly productive and not culturally demanding. Prunings are used for cuttings which become producing plants within a year. The compactness and productivity of the babaco plants makes it a good candidate for greenhouse production.
CULTIVARS
There are no recognized babaco cultivars at this time, although improved varieties are possible with proper selection. Hybrids with Carica pubescens produce edible fruit, but nothing as good as the babaco.
FURTHER READING
* Badillo, Victor M. Monographia de la Familia Caricaceae. Universidad Central de Venezuela. 1971.
* Morton, Julia F. Fruits of Warm Climates. Creative Resources Systems, Inc. 1987. p. 346.
* National Research Council. Lost Crops of the Incas. National Academy Press. 1989.
* Tankard, Glen. Tropical Fruit. Viking O'Neil. 1987. pp. 22-23.
(crfg.org)

October 5, 2007

Apricot Fruits Benefits

The apricot is one of the most important fruits. I t belongs to the sub-acid class. It is somewhat acid in its raw state, but its acidity decreases and the sugar content increases in the process of ripening. The fruit is regarded as a nutritious and tonic food and enjoys world‑wide popularity.
Apricots are an excellent source of beta-carotene and are useful in reducing infections or skin problems.
Dried apricots, like all dried fruit, are much higher in calories due to their sugar content and may contain the preservative sulphur dixoide, which may instigate asthma attacks. However they are a good source of iron and potassium.
The apricot is a stone fruit and has nut within it. It is round or oblong in shape, flattened to some extent. It is similar in shape as peach, but is considerably smaller. It is yellowish in color. The fruit, which ripens on the tree alone, develops its true flavor, which is very much like that of the peach.

Dried Apricots
Sweet California apricots are full of flavor, with a delicate aroma. These apricots are definitely a customer favorite. We can guarantee you that every piece will taste even better than the last, and you will find these apricots hard to resist once you have tried them.
Dried slab apricots are the sweetest and moistest of the bunch - We pick them only when they are fully ripe, resulting in a natural, sweet flavor and wonderful aroma when dried. They are very moist and delicious.
California Patterson apricots are bursting with flavor-sweet, and tangy all at the same time. They make a wonderful snack, and will also make a wonderful addition to your cooking. These dried, full-flavored tangy apricots are rich with vitamin A, and a tasty source of iron and calcium.
The apricot is believed have originated in China, where it has been cultivated for over 4,000 years. It has also been grown in India and Tibet from time immemorial.
The Hunzas, who live in the Himalayan Mountains’ of northern Pakistan and are known for their vitality and longevity, have cultivated and valued this fruit for its health‑building virtues for over 1,500 years. Greek physicians regarded it as a food medicine, while the Romans dedicated it to Venus, the goddess of love.
It was introduced in Europe during the time of Alexander, the Great. In the Middle East, apricots were very popular for their taste as well as for their invigorating perfume.
Apricots are rich in various food ingredients. The fresh fruit is rich in natural sugars, vitamin A and calcium. It is a good source of the Vitamins, i.e. B Complex, riboflavin and niacin as well as vitamin C. The nut of the apricot is rich in protein and fat and is considered as valuable as any other nut. It contains 40 to 45 per cent of oil, which is practically identical with almond oil in its physical as well as chemical properties
What are the natural benefits of apricots?
The apricot in its fresh form is used as a dessert fruit. It is, however, generally used in its dried form. The heat renders it easier to digest.
It is made into excellent jam, jelly, marmalades and preserves Apricots canned in sugar are also popular.
The nut of the apricot is extensively used in confectionery.
Fresh juice of apricot leaves is useful in skin diseases. It can be applied with beneficial results in scabies, eczema, sun‑burn and itching of the skin due to cold exposure
Apricots have an alkaline reaction in the system. They aid the digestion, if consumed before a meal.
The fruit is highly valued as a gentle laxative and is beneficial in the treatment of constipation. This is due to its cellulose and pectin contents. Patients suffering from chronic constipation can greatly benefit by regular use of apricots Generally six to eight apricots used per day will produce the desired result.
The apricot is an excellent food remedy for anemia on account of its high content of iron.
Fresh juice of apricots, mixed with glucose or honey, is a very cooling drink during fevers. It quenches the thirst and eliminates the waste products from the body. It tones up the eyes, stomach, liver, heart and nerves by supplying vitamins and minerals.
In China, a famous medicine known as Apricot Gold was made from the kernels of trees, which grew in certain areas. This medicine was reputed for the powers to prolong life. The Chinese also believed that apricots reacted sympathetically to women's ailments. The apricot flowers, therefore, formed a common ingredient in their cosmetics.

September 30, 2007

Amazon Grape

Family: Moraceae
Latin name: Pourouma cecropiifolia
Vernacular name
Uvilla
Ethnobotany
The sweet, juicy fruits are very popular to eat and can be made into jams and other confections. The fruit is eaten to help the kidneys. Some people believe the seeds that sink in water will produce female trees, and those that float will be males.

Agroforestry
Uvilla grows quickly, and can do well in poor upland soils. It does not tolerate flooding. It is delicious and can become very tall (20m) over time. It is commonly mixed with peach palm, cashew, and pineapples. Primates and bats are attracted to the fruit bearing trees of this delicious species. Farmers often cull out the male trees, but a few mature males should remain to facilitate fertilization of the females. The fruit grows in large bunches which hang from the thin branches. The fruit can suffer from severe fungus attacks as it develops, ruining harvests. The fruit is very fragile and does not keep well, which limits marketing options.

September 20, 2007

Jamaican Ackee Fruit

jamaican ackee, dailyfruits.blogspot.com, fruit healthThe Jamaican ackee fruit is the national fruit of the island of Jamaica. It is also the main ingredient in Jamaica's national dish, Ackee and Salt fish. This is a popular meal and loved by both Jamaicans and tourists alike. This article gives all information about the Jamaican ackee, the cultivation, health benefits and other cooking and medicinal uses.

Jamaican ackee otherwise known as Akee is the national Jamaican ackee fruit of Jamaica. Its name is derived from the West African Akye fufo. The Jamaican ackee tree is not endemic to the West Indies but was introduced from West Africa during the 18th century. In layman’s terms Jamaican ackee is known in Spanish as akí, seso or vegetal. In French as aki, arbre or fricassee. In Portuguese as castanheiro do Africa and in German akibaum. The plant was further named Blighia sapida in honor of Captain William Bligh who took samples to Kew in 1793. The Jamaican ackee Jamaican ackee tree is native to tropical West Africa. Cultivated sporadically throughout the tropics and commercially in Jamaica. Jamaican ackee Jamaican ackee trees are found across the island of Jamaica but the main producing areas are located in Clarendon and St Elizabeth. There are two bearing seasons: between January to March and June to August.

The large Jamaican ackee tree grows up to 60 feet (18 m); it is densely branched and symmetrical, with a smooth gray bark. At maturity the ackee leaves are at 9-15 inches (23-38 cm) in length, alternate, compound, with 3-5 pairs of glossy leaflets. The flowers are greenish, small, staminate and hermaphroditic, in axillary’s racemes. The Jamaican ackee fruit is a red, yellow or orange capsule, 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) long, with 3 cream colored arils, each tipped with a black seed. Seeds, cuttings or grafting, propagate Jamaican ackee. It prefers fertile soils and full sun, from sea level to 3,000 feet (914 m) elevation. Seedling Jamaican ackee trees begin Jamaican ackee fruiting at about 4 years, while grafted Jamaican ackee trees produce Jamaican ackee fruit in 1-2 years. Jamaican ackee fruiting may occur throughout the year, but principally in December through May in the Northern Hemisphere. Several distinct clones have been identified in Jamaica, but named cultivars are not known. Two other species of the genus Blighia, both from tropical Africa, are B. unijugata, which has edible ackee leaves, and B. welwitschii, which has medicinal uses. The Jamaican ackee fruits turn yellow and red as they ripen.

The Jamaican ackee fruit turns red on reaching maturity and splits open with continued exposure to the sun. The mature Jamaican ackee fruit splits open along 3 sutures exposing the 3 large, shiny, black seeds attached to a white or milky-white aril. The firm and oily aril is the edible portion and is consumed fresh or is cooked and used as a vegetable. Great care must be exercised in using this Jamaican ackee fruit, since both immature and over mature Jamaican ackee fruits may be toxic.

Two peptides that proved to be toxic to animals have been isolated from unripe seeds of the akee. One of these, hypoglycemic A, also occurs in the edible portion, the concentration being particularly high when the aril is not fully ripe. Only naturally opened Jamaican ackee fruits should be eaten, and care should be taken to remove the pink or purplish membrane near the seed. Traditionally it is at this time that the Jamaican ackees are harvested and the arilli removed and cleaned in preparation for cooking. This delicacy is enjoyed by many at breakfast or as a Jamaican ackee treat. The canned product is exported to ethnic markets worldwide and continues to be enjoyed by both visitors to the island and Jamaicans residing overseas.

Though the edible aril is eaten cooked, it must be mature, fresh, and harvested when the Jamaican ackee fruit opens naturally. Immature arils, overripe arils, the outer rind of the Jamaican ackee fruit, the pink membrane under the seeds and the seeds contain hypoglycins, which are toxic and can be fatal. When harvested and prepared correctly, the arils are delicious and safe to eat.

Consumers of the unripe Jamaican ackee fruit sometimes suffer from 'Jamaican vomiting sickness syndrome' (JVS) allegedly caused by the unusual amino acid components, hypoglycemic A and B. In this regard it is recognized that the nutritional status of the consumer is important since diagnosed patients generally show manifestations of chronic malnutrition and vitamin deficiency. Although JVS has resulted in some fatalities in the past with symptoms including vomiting and severe hypoglycemia, nowadays such incidences are rare with the increased awareness of the necessity for consuming only ripe, opened Jamaican ackees.

Levels of hypoglycemia A in the Jamaican ackee arilli peak at maturity but rapidly diminish to non-detectable levels in the opened Jamaican ackee fruit making it safe for consumption. Recent studies done on the fatty acid composition of the arilli from Jamaican ackee have found that 51-58% of the arillus dry weight consists of lipids. Linoleic, palmitic and stearic acids were the major fatty acids observed with linoleic accounting for over 55% of the total fatty acids. These results show that the purified oil from Jamaican ackee has high nutritive value and makes an important contribution to the fatty acid intake of many Jamaicans.

One serving of "Jamaican ackee, canned, drained has Water, Energy, Protein, Fat, Saturated fat, Cholesterol, Dietary fiber, Calcium, Iron, Potassium, Sodium, Zinc, vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folacin and vitamin C. Crushed immature Jamaican ackee fruits produce foam, which is used as soap. The wood is termite resistant, and may be used in the construction of different articles. The Jamaican ackee tree is also planted as an ornamental. Seed extracts are used in the treatment of parasites. The ripe Jamaican ackee fruit is consumed to lower fever and to control dysentery. A poultice of crushed ackee leaves is applied to the forehead to alleviate headaches, and to the skin to heal ulcers.

Jamaican ackee was introduced to Jamaica really around 1778, probably transported in a slave ship. It is now considered the national Jamaican ackee fruit, and the annual production is valued at over $13 million (USD). Canned Jamaican ackee is exported primarily to the United Kingdom and Canada. Importation of Jamaican ackee to the United States was prohibited from 1973 to 2000, but is now permitted. The Jamaican ackee is more widely grown in Jamaica than anywhere else in the Western hemisphere. Not to mention that the Jamaican ackee fruit makes up one half of the Jamaican national dish.(getjamaica.com)

September 16, 2007

Acerola For Health

Latin Name: Malpighia glabra. Acerola is a small tree that grows in dry areas of the Caribbean and Central and South America. Traditionally, its fruit has been used to treat diarrhea, arthritis, fevers, and kidney, heart, and liver problems. Acerola contains 10–50 times more vitamin C by weight than oranges. Other important substances found in acerola include bioflavonoids , magnesium , pantothenic acid , and vitamin A .

What is Acerola Used for Today?

Acerola is primarily marketed as a source of vitamin C and bioflavonoids. Because of these constituents, it has substantial antioxidant properties. 1 One study found that acerola significantly increased the antioxidant activity of soy and alfalfa . 2 It is not clear, however, that this rather theoretical finding indicates anything of significance to human health. Other powerful antioxidants such as vitamin E and beta-carotene have proved disappointing when they were subjected to studies that could discern whether their actions as antioxidants translated into actual health benefits.

Like many plants, acerola has antibacterial and antifungal properties, at least in the test tube. 3,4 However, no studies in humans have been reported.

Principal Proposed Uses

• Source of Vitamin C

Other Proposed Uses


Dosage

A typical supplemental dosage of acerola is 40–100 mg daily.

Safety Issues

As a widely used food, acerola is believed to have a relatively high safety factor. However, it has been discovered that people who are allergic to latex may be allergic to acerola as well. 5

Maximum safe doses in young children, pregnant or nursing women, and people with severe liver or kidney disease have not been established.

References
  1. Hassimotto NM, Genovese MI, Lajolo FM, et al. Antioxidant activity of dietary fruits, vegetables, and commercial frozen fruit pulps. J Agric Food Chem . 2005;53:2928–35.
  2. Hwang J, Hodis HN, Sevanian A. Soy and alfalfa phytoestrogen extracts become potent low-density lipoprotein antioxidants in the presence of acerola cherry extract. J Agric Food Chem . 2001;49:308–14.
  3. Motohashi N, Wakabayashi H, Kurihara T, et al. Biological activity of barbados cherry (acerola fruits, fruit of Malpighia emarginata DC) extracts and fractions. Phytother Res . 2004;18:212–23.
  4. Cáceres A, et al. Plants used in Guatemala for the treatment of dermatophytic infections. Evaluation of antifungal activity of seven American plants. J Ethnopharmacol . 1993;40:207–13.
  5. Raulf-Heimsoth M, Stark R, Sander I, et al. Anaphylactic reaction to apple juice containing acerola: cross-reactivity to latex due to prohevein. J Allergy Clin Immunol . 2002;109:715–6.
Last reviewed January 2006 by EBSCO CAM Review Board

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

September 14, 2007

The Health Benefits of Acai Berry

One of the newest nutritional secrets to be revealed to the modernized world is the Acai fruit. Harvested in the Brazilian rain forest from Amazon palm trees, the Acai berry has long been recognized and esteemed by Brazilian natives for it's nutritional benefits and capacity to promote energy and strength. This fruit is now becoming available worldwide and is used mostly in nutritional juices. Acai berry powder is also put in capsules and can be taken as a supplement. Although not usually available in regular grocery stores (yet), juice containing Acai, and Acai berry powder supplements are becoming widely available in health food stores and can also be ordered online from many reputable dealers.
Fruit is good for you; and most everyone knows that. Certain fruits have been recognized to have much higher nutritional content and antioxidant properties than others. Of this category of fruit, the Acai berry comes out as a leader. With a high content of vitamins B1, B2, B3, C, and E along with iron, phosphorous, calcium and potassium, the vitamin and mineral content in this grape-sized, unique-tasting fruit alone would make it worth adding to your diet. But the benefits don't stop there! Acai fruit contains so many other natural health-enhancing ingredients that it is arguably one of the most nutritious foods that any person could add to his or her diet.

Anti-Aging Properties
The antioxidant anthocyanin is found in a very high concentration in the Acai fruit. For many years nutritionists have touted the value of red wine grapes, which also contain anthocyanin. It has been proven that one of the reasons for the low incidence of cardiac disease in France, despite their customary diet of high-fat foods, is that French people in general are avid red wine drinkers. The Acai fruit has up to 33 times the antioxidant properties of red wine grapes.
Along with anthocyanin, Acai contains Omega 6 and Omega 9 fatty acids, which help fight the buildup of LDL, or bad cholesterol, in the body while also helping maintain HDL, or good cholesterol. Add to this the high concentration of phytosterols, which reduce blood plasma cholesterol, and the heart-healthy and anti-aging properties of this fruit are beyond compare.
Antioxidants, which include the vitamins C and E that are found in the Acai fruit, help to neutralize oxygen-free radicals, which are an unhealthy byproduct of the process the body uses to turn food into energy. Oxygen-free radical molecules can react with other molecules in the body, causing potential changes in genetic material, accelerating the aging process and leading the way for degenerative diseases. Though the body does produce it's own antioxidants, as we age we tend to produce less and less, thus promoting the aging process even further. With the high concentrations of antioxidants, taking Acai berry powder in tablet form or drinking Acai berry juice can help slow the aging process to a significant degree. It can also help prevent or slow the progression of such degenerative diseases as arthritis and diabetes. The overall boost to the immune system when adding Acai to your diet can make for a much healthier - and longer - life.
Increased Energy and Stamina
One of the first things people note when they start adding Acai to their diet is increased energy - and this seems to happen not within weeks or months, but days - and the positive effects keep increasing as time goes on. The benefits to the immune system can account for some of this of course, but Acai also has almost immediate effect on the body by enhancing the metabolic process, increasing fiber content in the body, and helping the body build and regenerate muscle at a much more efficient rate. Many middle-aged people report feeling as good as they did when they were in their twenties in just a short time after adding Acai to their diet. "Smoothies" made with Acai fruit have become a popular morning-coffee substitute for many people, who find that the energy they feel after drinking an Acai smoothie lasts much longer and feels much better than the temporary lift from caffeine. Many people, men in particular, have reported a marked improvement in sexual function after adding Acai to their daily regimen. This has led to Acai often being called the "Amazon Viagra".
Some of the other things that the Acai fruit does for the body that can add to increased energy and stamina is promote better sleep, improve digestion, and increase mental focus.
Cleansing and Detoxification
When starting on a new health regime, or while maintaining one, many nutritionists suggest a periodic cleansing and detoxification of the body. This is often done by going on a juice fast for one or two days, and juice with Acai fruit in it is one of the most popular drinks for this fast. The Acai will help keep you energetic and mentally alert during the fast, while helping to flush toxins from the body - most especially the liver. A cleansing fast that includes Acai is a great way to start on a new and healthier way of life. Before starting a fast, however, it's wise to see your physician for a check-up.
Acai is fast becoming known as nature's most perfect food. A comparable serving of Acai even has more protein than eggs! With all the immediate and long-term health benefits of Acai it is no wonder that the Brazilian natives have faithfully included it in their diet for so many years. They didn't need scientific research to tell them how good the Acai fruit was for them - they felt it! Taking Acai berry powder in tablet form or drinking juice with Acai each day can bring so much improvement to anyone's overall quality of life that people who add Acai to their diet will eventually wonder how they ever got along without this amazing little fruit.
If you are looking for a stronger immune system, increased energy and strength, more years to your life and more life in your years, the Acai fruit should be a part of your daily diet for good! (besthealthproduct)

September 9, 2007

Dragon Fruit Health Benefits

The Pitaya is more commonly referred to as the dragon fruit. It is an extremely beautiful fruit that has dazzling flowers and an intense shape and color. The dragon fruit is usually a dark red color, although some types of this fruit are pink or yellow. The skin of the dragon fruit is a thin rind. The skin is usually covered in scales, and the center of the fruit is made up of a red or white, sweet tasting pulp.
It not known exactly where the dragon fruit originated, but it is thought to have come from South America. The French are believed to have brought the dragon fruit to Vietnam over a hundred years ago. Dragon fruits were grown there to be eaten by royalty and very wealthy families. Now, the fruit flourishes in American states such as Texas, and is also grown in Mexico and other South American countries such as Argentina and Peru.
The dragon fruit is cultivated in tropical regions around the world. The plant of the dragon fruit can grow from around a few inches or centimeters to up to twenty feet (around six meters). It flourishes in hot regions with a heavy rainfall. Periods of cold will kill the plant, and it loves the high temperatures found in tropical countries.
The flowers of the dragon fruit plant only bloom at night and usually only live for one night. Pollination happens at this time to allow the fruit to emerge. The flowers of the dragon fruit give out a very beautiful scent, and the smell can fill the night air wherever the plant grows.
The dragon fruit is best eaten by cutting the fruit in half and scooping the flesh out. The flavor is very refreshing and sweet. Dragon fruits are delicious chilled and can be served in fruit juices and fruit salads or made into jam. They can also be juiced and added to alcohol to make a very delicious drink.
Dragon fruit is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, and therefore are thought to have many important health benefits, including boosting immunity and preventing cancer.

September 7, 2007

Health Benefits Of Coconut Oil

The health benefits of coconut oil include hair care, skin care, stress relief, heart diseases, cholesterol levels, weight loss, kidney problems, digestion, metabolism, high blood pressure, immunity, dental care, diabetes, bone strength, HIV and cancer. These benefits of coconut oil can be attributed to the presence of lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid, and its properties such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, soothing, etc.
The human body converts lauric acid into monolaurin which is claimed to help in dealing with viruses and bacteria causing diseases such as herpes, influenza, cytomegalovirus, and even HIV. It helps in fighting harmful bacteria such as listeria monocytogenes and heliobacter pylori, and harmful protozoa such as giardia lamblia. As a result of these various health benefits of coconut oil, though its exact mechanism of action was unknown, it has been extensively used in Ayurveda, the traditional Indian medicinal system.

Coconut oil is often preferred by athletes and body builders and by those who are dieting. The reason behind this being that coconut oil contains lesser calories than other oils, its fat content is easy converted into energy and it does not lead to accumulation of fat in the heart and arteries. Coconut oil helps in boosting energy and endurance, and enhances the performance of athletes.
Health benefits of coconut oil include the following:
* Hair Care: Coconut oil is one of the best natural nutrition for hair. It helps in healthy growth of hair providing them a shinny complexion. Regular massage of head with coconut oil ensures that your scalp is free of dandruff, lice, and lice eggs, even if your scalp is dry. Coconut oil is extensively used in the Indian sub-continent for hair care. It is an excellent conditioner and helps in the re-growth of damaged air. It also provides the essential proteins required for nourishing damaged hair. It is therefore used as a hair care oil and used in manufacturing various conditioners, and dandruff relief creams.
* Stress Relief: Coconut oil is very soothing and hence it helps in removing stress. Applying coconut oil to the head helps in removing mental fatigue.
* Skin Care: Coconut oil is an excellent massage oil for the skin as well. It acts as an effective moisturizer on all types including dry skin. The benefit of coconut oil on the skin is comparable to that of mineral oil. Further, unlike mineral oil, there is no chance of having any adverse side effects on the skin with the application of coconut oil. Coconut oil therefore is a safe solution for preventing dryness and flaking of skin. It also delays wrinkles, and sagging of skin which normally become prominent with age. Coconut oil is also helps in treating various skin problems including psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections. Therefore coconut oil forms the basic ingredient of various body care products such as soaps, lotions, creams, etc., used for skin care.
* Premature Aging: Coconut oil helps in preventing premature aging and degenerative diseases due to its antioxidant properties.
What are Organic Coconuts?
What do you exactly want when you buy organic coconuts or products such as organic virgin coconut oil, organic coconut water, organic coconut milk, organic coconut cream, and organic coconut extract? Many people have the perception that chemicals are not used in growing coconuts. Hence they feel that all coconuts available in the market are organic or natural coconuts. They also feel that coconuts are mostly obtained from the wild in tropical countries, and that there is nothing like coconut farming. But this is not true.
You can see coconut farms in many parts of the world and chemicals are used in growing coconuts in all these parts. Hence not all coconuts are organic coconuts or natural coconuts. Inorganic fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and fungicides are used in growing coconuts as well. For example, according to the Coconut Development Board, India rhinoceros beetle is the most common coconut pest in India. This can be controlled using chemicals such as sevidol (a mixture of sevin and BHC), naphthalene balls, and carbaryl.
When we talk of organic coconuts, chemicals such as inorganic fertilizers, pesticides, etc., are not used. An organic coconut farmer has to use organic means in growing the coconuts. The company that produces certified organic coconut products has to ensure that the coconuts used for making these products are organic in nature.
(organicfacts.net)

Buah Merah Has Become Popular As A New Miracle Medicine

Buah Merah is found at the eastern portion of the Indonesian Islands, Papua, (east of Borneo island and Bali island). Buah Merah, Latin name - Pandanus Conoideus Lam – is only grown on that island and is proven able to battle many diseases such as breast cancer, cervical & ovarian cancer, lung cancer, lymphomas cancer, prostate cancer, diabetes, hepatitis, arthritis, stroke, osteoporosis, hypertension, acid reflux, hair problems, eye, immune system problems, high cholesterol, infertility and HIV/AIDS.
"In Jayapura I had experienced advantageous of buah merah, namely to cure brain cancer, baby’s lungs spots, breast cancer, womb cancer, womb tumor, eye irritation, blind, hearth disease, lungs disease, weakness, and powerless. After the cancer patient consumed buah merah, then had laboratory checked, and the result was amazing. Actually prior to consume buah merah, the patient was very painful. Now the cancer patient is fresh and fit ", Drs. I Made Budi MSc (Balinese) said.

During his interviewed with a national TV station - MetroTv, Drs. I Made Budi MSc, told a patient of HIV/AIDS named Agustina (22) experienced health change. Before she consumed buah merah her weight was 27 kg due to HIV/AIDS virus, but after she consumed buah merah her weight increased into 42 kg.
In the beginning, Agustina who was HIV/AIDS patient was brought by public health development agency at Papua to Drs. I Made Budi MSc. They requested Doctor Budi to give Agustina buah merah. After a few times Agustina consumed buah merah, she felt better. Heavy diarrhea symptoms and ulceration which went to HIV/AIDS patient came in to non existence. She felt fresh and can perform her daily activities normally as a healthy person.
Buah Merah functioned as anti-retrovirus medicine which is required by HIV/AIDS patient. It binds protein and increase body’s resistance. This great achievement was also in line with result of laboratory checked up. Agustina’s blood CD-4 reached figure 400 and CD-8 showed negative. CD-4 of positive AIDS patient maximum 200; CD-8, positive.
Buah Merah has a good effect on human health. The experts analyzed and found out the active substances in Buah Merah are high in potential antioxidants, proven to support the body's natural defenses in illness:
Active compound
Content
Total Carotene
12.000 ppm
Total Tocopherol
11.000 ppm
Beta-Carotene
700 ppm
Alfa Tocopherol
500 ppm
Oleic Acid
58 %
Linoleic Acid
8.8 %
Linolenic Acid
7.8 %
Decanoic Acid
2.0 %
Buah Merah consists of high nutrient substances. They are beta-carotene, tocopherol, oleat acid, linoleat acid, linolenat acid, and dekanoat acid. They are active medicine compounds. Beta-Carotene functions to slow down artery spots blockage. As a result, blood can flow to hearth and brain smoothly. They can interact with protein doubling antibody output. This can increase the number of natural cell killer and increasing T helpers and lymphocyte activities. Consumption of Beta-Carotene 30 - 60mg/day for 2 months caused body produced diseases free natural cells. Increasing such natural cells may minimize cancer cells production because it can neutralize carcinogens compound free radical which is known as cancer source.
Another function of buah merah is as anti-carcinogens which is more perfect with the presence of tocopherol. This compound functions to increase body immune system - HIV/ AIDS target. Buah Merah which consists of high dozes of Omega 3 and Omega 9 is non saturated fat acid, easily digested and absorbed as a result metabolism can run smoothly. Smooth metabolism process will increase recovery process. Because body obtained protein supply to increase body resistance power.
Buah merah contains a tocopherol amount up to 11.000 ppm to prevent free radical damage. High content of vitamin E – otherwise known by the name of tocopherol, is a defense against degenerative diseases attack like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cancer.
Buah Merah’s fatty acid is also antibiotic and antivirus. They function to slow down and kill virus lipids membranes. In addition, the virus is not given the opportunity to develop new structures, and as a result regeneration can not be performed. Due to its competence, it actively prevent and kill HIV/AIDS viruses, including hepatitis virus which may damage liver cells. In addition, it also able to slow down and kill active tumor cells.
(buahmerahextract.com)